Create tap-able “links” in the NSAttributedString of a UILabel?

23 Solutions Collect From Internet About “Create tap-able “links” in the NSAttributedString of a UILabel?”

In general, if we want to have a clickable link in text displayed by UILabel, we would need to resolve two independent tasks:

  1. Changing the appearance of a portion of the text to look like a link
  2. Detecting and handling touches on the link (opening an URL is a particular case)

The first one is easy. Starting from iOS 6 UILabel supports display of attributed strings. All you need to do is to create and configure an instance of NSMutableAttributedString:

NSMutableAttributedString *attributedString = [[NSMutableAttributedString alloc] initWithString:@"String with a link" attributes:nil];
NSRange linkRange = NSMakeRange(14, 4); // for the word "link" in the string above

NSDictionary *linkAttributes = @{ NSForegroundColorAttributeName : [UIColor colorWithRed:0.05 green:0.4 blue:0.65 alpha:1.0],
                                  NSUnderlineStyleAttributeName : @(NSUnderlineStyleSingle) };
[attributedString setAttributes:linkAttributes range:linkRange];

// Assign attributedText to UILabel
label.attributedText = attributedString;

That’s it! The code above makes UILabel to display String with a link

Now we should detect touches on this link. The idea is to catch all taps within UILabel and figure out whether the location of the tap was close enough to the link. To catch touches we can add tap gesture recognizer to the label. Make sure to enable userInteraction for the label, it’s turned off by default:

label.userInteractionEnabled = YES;
[label addGestureRecognizer:[[UITapGestureRecognizer alloc] initWithTarget:self action:@selector(handleTapOnLabel:)]]; 

Now the most sophisticated stuff: finding out whether the tap was on where the link is displayed and not on any other portion of the label. If we had single-lined UILabel, this task could be solved relatively easy by hardcoding the area bounds where the link is displayed, but let’s solve this problem more elegantly and for general case – multiline UILabel without preliminary knowledge about the link layout.

One of the approaches is to use capabilities of Text Kit API introduced in iOS 7:

// Create instances of NSLayoutManager, NSTextContainer and NSTextStorage
NSLayoutManager *layoutManager = [[NSLayoutManager alloc] init];
NSTextContainer *textContainer = [[NSTextContainer alloc] initWithSize:CGSizeZero];
NSTextStorage *textStorage = [[NSTextStorage alloc] initWithAttributedString:attributedString];

// Configure layoutManager and textStorage
[layoutManager addTextContainer:textContainer];
[textStorage addLayoutManager:layoutManager];

// Configure textContainer
textContainer.lineFragmentPadding = 0.0;
textContainer.lineBreakMode = label.lineBreakMode;
textContainer.maximumNumberOfLines = label.numberOfLines;

Save created and configured instances of NSLayoutManager, NSTextContainer and NSTextStorage in properties in your class (most likely UIViewController’s descendant) – we’ll need them in other methods.

Now, each time the label changes its frame, update textContainer’s size:

- (void)viewDidLayoutSubviews
{
    [super viewDidLayoutSubviews];
    self.textContainer.size = self.label.bounds.size;
}

And finally, detect whether the tap was exactly on the link:

- (void)handleTapOnLabel:(UITapGestureRecognizer *)tapGesture
{
    CGPoint locationOfTouchInLabel = [tapGesture locationInView:tapGesture.view];
    CGSize labelSize = tapGesture.view.bounds.size;
    CGRect textBoundingBox = [self.layoutManager usedRectForTextContainer:self.textContainer];
    CGPoint textContainerOffset = CGPointMake((labelSize.width - textBoundingBox.size.width) * 0.5 - textBoundingBox.origin.x,
                                              (labelSize.height - textBoundingBox.size.height) * 0.5 - textBoundingBox.origin.y);
    CGPoint locationOfTouchInTextContainer = CGPointMake(locationOfTouchInLabel.x - textContainerOffset.x,
                                                         locationOfTouchInLabel.y - textContainerOffset.y);
    NSInteger indexOfCharacter = [self.layoutManager characterIndexForPoint:locationOfTouchInTextContainer
                                                            inTextContainer:self.textContainer
                                   fractionOfDistanceBetweenInsertionPoints:nil];
    NSRange linkRange = NSMakeRange(14, 4); // it's better to save the range somewhere when it was originally used for marking link in attributed string
    if (NSLocationInRange(indexOfCharacter, linkRange)) {
        // Open an URL, or handle the tap on the link in any other way
        [[UIApplication sharedApplication] openURL:[NSURL URLWithString:@"https://stackoverflow.com/"]];
    }
}

FancyLabel is exactly what I needed 🙂

The UIButtonTypeCustom is a clickable label if you don’t set any images for it.

(My answer builds on @NAlexN’s excellent answer. I won’t duplicate his detailed explanation of each step here.)

I found it most convenient and straightforward to add support for tap-able UILabel text as a category to UITapGestureRecognizer. (You don’t have to use UITextView’s data detectors, as some answers suggest.)

Add the following method to your UITapGestureRecognizer category:

/**
 Returns YES if the tap gesture was within the specified range of the attributed text of the label.
 */
- (BOOL)didTapAttributedTextInLabel:(UILabel *)label inRange:(NSRange)targetRange {
    NSParameterAssert(label != nil);

    CGSize labelSize = label.bounds.size;
    // create instances of NSLayoutManager, NSTextContainer and NSTextStorage
    NSLayoutManager *layoutManager = [[NSLayoutManager alloc] init];
    NSTextContainer *textContainer = [[NSTextContainer alloc] initWithSize:CGSizeZero];
    NSTextStorage *textStorage = [[NSTextStorage alloc] initWithAttributedString:label.attributedText];

    // configure layoutManager and textStorage
    [layoutManager addTextContainer:textContainer];
    [textStorage addLayoutManager:layoutManager];

    // configure textContainer for the label
    textContainer.lineFragmentPadding = 0.0;
    textContainer.lineBreakMode = label.lineBreakMode;
    textContainer.maximumNumberOfLines = label.numberOfLines;
    textContainer.size = labelSize;

    // find the tapped character location and compare it to the specified range
    CGPoint locationOfTouchInLabel = [self locationInView:label];
    CGRect textBoundingBox = [layoutManager usedRectForTextContainer:textContainer];
    CGPoint textContainerOffset = CGPointMake((labelSize.width - textBoundingBox.size.width) * 0.5 - textBoundingBox.origin.x,
                                              (labelSize.height - textBoundingBox.size.height) * 0.5 - textBoundingBox.origin.y);
    CGPoint locationOfTouchInTextContainer = CGPointMake(locationOfTouchInLabel.x - textContainerOffset.x,
                                                         locationOfTouchInLabel.y - textContainerOffset.y);
    NSInteger indexOfCharacter = [layoutManager characterIndexForPoint:locationOfTouchInTextContainer
                                                            inTextContainer:textContainer
                                   fractionOfDistanceBetweenInsertionPoints:nil];
    if (NSLocationInRange(indexOfCharacter, targetRange)) {
        return YES;
    } else {
        return NO;
    }
}

Example Code

// (in your view controller)    
// create your label, gesture recognizer, attributed text, and get the range of the "link" in your label
myLabel.userInteractionEnabled = YES;
[myLabel addGestureRecognizer:
   [[UITapGestureRecognizer alloc] initWithTarget:self 
                                           action:@selector(handleTapOnLabel:)]]; 

// create your attributed text and keep an ivar of your "link" text range
NSAttributedString *plainText;
NSAttributedString *linkText;
plainText = [[NSMutableAttributedString alloc] initWithString:@"Add label links with UITapGestureRecognizer"
                                                   attributes:nil];
linkText = [[NSMutableAttributedString alloc] initWithString:@" Learn more..."
                                                  attributes:@{
                                                      NSForegroundColorAttributeName:[UIColor blueColor]
                                                  }];
NSMutableAttributedString *attrText = [[NSMutableAttributedString alloc] init];
[attrText appendAttributedString:plainText];
[attrText appendAttributedString:linkText];

// ivar -- keep track of the target range so you can compare in the callback
targetRange = NSMakeRange(plainText.length, linkText.length);

Gesture Callback

// handle the gesture recognizer callback and call the category method
- (void)handleTapOnLabel:(UITapGestureRecognizer *)tapGesture {
    BOOL didTapLink = [tapGesture didTapAttributedTextInLabel:myLabel
                                            inRange:targetRange];
    NSLog(@"didTapLink: %d", didTapLink);

}

I am extending @NAlexN original detailed solution, with @zekel excellent extension of UITapGestureRecognizer, and providing in Swift.

Extending UITapGestureRecognizer

extension UITapGestureRecognizer {

    func didTapAttributedTextInLabel(label: UILabel, inRange targetRange: NSRange) -> Bool {
        // Create instances of NSLayoutManager, NSTextContainer and NSTextStorage
        let layoutManager = NSLayoutManager()
        let textContainer = NSTextContainer(size: CGSize.zero)
        let textStorage = NSTextStorage(attributedString: label.attributedText!)

        // Configure layoutManager and textStorage
        layoutManager.addTextContainer(textContainer)
        textStorage.addLayoutManager(layoutManager)

        // Configure textContainer
        textContainer.lineFragmentPadding = 0.0
        textContainer.lineBreakMode = label.lineBreakMode
        textContainer.maximumNumberOfLines = label.numberOfLines
        let labelSize = label.bounds.size
        textContainer.size = labelSize

        // Find the tapped character location and compare it to the specified range
        let locationOfTouchInLabel = self.locationInView(label)
        let textBoundingBox = layoutManager.usedRectForTextContainer(textContainer)
        let textContainerOffset = CGPointMake((labelSize.width - textBoundingBox.size.width) * 0.5 - textBoundingBox.origin.x,
            (labelSize.height - textBoundingBox.size.height) * 0.5 - textBoundingBox.origin.y);
        let locationOfTouchInTextContainer = CGPointMake(locationOfTouchInLabel.x - textContainerOffset.x,
            locationOfTouchInLabel.y - textContainerOffset.y);
        let indexOfCharacter = layoutManager.characterIndexForPoint(locationOfTouchInTextContainer, inTextContainer: textContainer, fractionOfDistanceBetweenInsertionPoints: nil)

        return NSLocationInRange(indexOfCharacter, targetRange)
    }

}

Usage

Setup UIGestureRecognizer to send actions to tapLabel:, and you can detect if the target ranges is being tapped on in myLabel.

@IBAction func tapLabel(gesture: UITapGestureRecognizer) {
    if gesture.didTapAttributedTextInLabel(myLabel, inRange: targetRange1) {
        print("Tapped targetRange1")
    } else if gesture.didTapAttributedTextInLabel(myLabel, inRange: targetRange2) {
        print("Tapped targetRange2")
    } else {
        print("Tapped none")
    }
}

UITextView supports data-detectors in OS3.0, whereas UILabel doesn’t.

If you enable the data-detectors on the UITextView and your text contains URLs, phone numbers, etc. they will appear as links.

Old question but if anyone can use a UITextView instead of a UILabel, then it is easy. Standard URLs, phone numbers etc will be automatically detected (and be clickable).

However, if you need custom detection, that is, if you want to be able to call any custom method after a user clicks on a particular word, you need to use NSAttributedStrings with an NSLinkAttributeName attribute that will point to a custom URL scheme(as opposed to having the http url scheme by default). Ray Wenderlich has it covered here

Quoting the code from the aforementioned link:

NSMutableAttributedString *attributedString = [[NSMutableAttributedString alloc] initWithString:@"This is an example by @marcelofabri_"];
[attributedString addAttribute:NSLinkAttributeName
                     value:@"username://marcelofabri_"
                     range:[[attributedString string] rangeOfString:@"@marcelofabri_"]];

NSDictionary *linkAttributes = @{NSForegroundColorAttributeName: [UIColor greenColor],
                             NSUnderlineColorAttributeName: [UIColor lightGrayColor],
                             NSUnderlineStyleAttributeName: @(NSUnderlinePatternSolid)};

// assume that textView is a UITextView previously created (either by code or Interface Builder)
textView.linkTextAttributes = linkAttributes; // customizes the appearance of links
textView.attributedText = attributedString;
textView.delegate = self;

To detect those link clicks, implement this:

- (BOOL)textView:(UITextView *)textView shouldInteractWithURL:(NSURL *)URL inRange:(NSRange)characterRange {
    if ([[URL scheme] isEqualToString:@"username"]) {
        NSString *username = [URL host]; 
        // do something with this username
        // ...
        return NO;
    }
    return YES; // let the system open this URL
}

PS: Make sure your UITextView is selectable.

Here is example code to hyperlink UILabel:
Source:http://sickprogrammersarea.blogspot.in/2014/03/adding-links-to-uilabel.html

#import "ViewController.h"
#import "TTTAttributedLabel.h"
@interface ViewController ()

@end

@implementation ViewController
{
UITextField *loc;
TTTAttributedLabel *data;
}

- (void)viewDidLoad
{
[super viewDidLoad];
UILabel *lbl = [[UILabel alloc] initWithFrame:CGRectMake(5, 20, 80, 25) ];
[lbl setText:@"Text:"];
[lbl setFont:[UIFont fontWithName:@"Verdana" size:16]];
[lbl setTextColor:[UIColor grayColor]];
loc=[[UITextField alloc] initWithFrame:CGRectMake(4, 20, 300, 30)];
//loc.backgroundColor = [UIColor grayColor];
loc.borderStyle=UITextBorderStyleRoundedRect;
loc.clearButtonMode=UITextFieldViewModeWhileEditing;
//[loc setText:@"Enter Location"];
loc.clearsOnInsertion = YES;
loc.leftView=lbl;
loc.leftViewMode=UITextFieldViewModeAlways;
[loc setDelegate:self];
[self.view addSubview:loc];
[loc setRightViewMode:UITextFieldViewModeAlways];
CGRect frameimg = CGRectMake(110, 70, 70,30);
UIButton *srchButton = [UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeRoundedRect];
srchButton.frame=frameimg;
[srchButton setTitle:@"Go" forState:UIControlStateNormal];
[srchButton setTitleColor:[UIColor blackColor] forState:UIControlStateNormal];
srchButton.backgroundColor=[UIColor clearColor];
[srchButton addTarget:self action:@selector(go:) forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchDown];
[self.view addSubview:srchButton];
data = [[TTTAttributedLabel alloc] initWithFrame:CGRectMake(5, 120,self.view.frame.size.width,200) ];
[data setFont:[UIFont fontWithName:@"Verdana" size:16]];
[data setTextColor:[UIColor blackColor]];
data.numberOfLines=0;
 data.delegate = self;
data.enabledTextCheckingTypes=NSTextCheckingTypeLink|NSTextCheckingTypePhoneNumber;
[self.view addSubview:data];
}
- (void)attributedLabel:(TTTAttributedLabel *)label didSelectLinkWithURL:(NSURL *)url
{
NSString *val=[[NSString alloc]initWithFormat:@"%@",url];
if ([[url scheme] hasPrefix:@"mailto"]) {
          NSLog(@" mail URL Selected : %@",url);
    MFMailComposeViewController *comp=[[MFMailComposeViewController alloc]init];
    [comp setMailComposeDelegate:self];
    if([MFMailComposeViewController canSendMail])
    {
        NSString *recp=[[val substringToIndex:[val length]] substringFromIndex:7];
        NSLog(@"Recept : %@",recp);
        [comp setToRecipients:[NSArray arrayWithObjects:recp, nil]];
        [comp setSubject:@"From my app"];
        [comp setMessageBody:@"Hello bro" isHTML:NO];
        [comp setModalTransitionStyle:UIModalTransitionStyleCrossDissolve];
        [self presentViewController:comp animated:YES completion:nil];
    }

}
else{
    [[UIApplication sharedApplication] openURL:[NSURL URLWithString:val]];
}
}
-(void)mailComposeController:(MFMailComposeViewController *)controller didFinishWithResult:(MFMailComposeResult)result error:(NSError *)error{
if(error)
{
    UIAlertView *alrt=[[UIAlertView alloc]initWithTitle:@"Erorr" message:@"Some error occureed" delegate:nil cancelButtonTitle:@"" otherButtonTitles:nil, nil];
    [alrt show];
    [self dismissViewControllerAnimated:YES completion:nil];
}
else{
    [self dismissViewControllerAnimated:YES completion:nil];
}
}

- (void)attributedLabel:(TTTAttributedLabel *)label didSelectLinkWithPhoneNumber:(NSString *)phoneNumber
{
NSLog(@"Phone Number Selected : %@",phoneNumber);
UIDevice *device = [UIDevice currentDevice];
if ([[device model] isEqualToString:@"iPhone"] ) {
    [[UIApplication sharedApplication] openURL:[NSURL URLWithString:[NSString stringWithFormat:@"tel:%@",phoneNumber]]];
} else {
    UIAlertView *Notpermitted=[[UIAlertView alloc] initWithTitle:@"Alert" message:@"Your device doesn't support this feature." delegate:nil cancelButtonTitle:@"OK" otherButtonTitles:nil];
    [Notpermitted show];
}
}
-(void)go:(id)sender
{
[data setText:loc.text];
}

-(void)touchesBegan:(NSSet *)touches withEvent:(UIEvent *)event
{
NSLog(@"Reached");
[loc resignFirstResponder];
}

I created UILabel subclass named ResponsiveLabel which is based on textkit API introduced in iOS 7. It uses the same approach suggested by NAlexN. It provides flexibility to specify a pattern to search in the text. One can specify styles to be applied to those patterns as well as action to be performed on tapping the patterns.

//Detects email in text

 NSString *emailRegexString = @"[A-Z0-9._%+-]+@[A-Z0-9.-]+\\.[A-Z]{2,4}";
 NSError *error;
 NSRegularExpression *regex = [[NSRegularExpression alloc]initWithPattern:emailRegexString options:0 error:&error];
 PatternDescriptor *descriptor = [[PatternDescriptor alloc]initWithRegex:regex withSearchType:PatternSearchTypeAll withPatternAttributes:@{NSForegroundColorAttributeName:[UIColor redColor]}];
 [self.customLabel enablePatternDetection:descriptor];

If you want to make a string clickable, you can do this way. This code applies attributes to each occurrence of the string “text”.

PatternTapResponder tapResponder = ^(NSString *string) {
    NSLog(@"tapped = %@",string);
};

[self.customLabel enableStringDetection:@"text" withAttributes:@{NSForegroundColorAttributeName:[UIColor redColor],
                                                                 RLTapResponderAttributeName: tapResponder}];

As I mentioned in this post,
here is a light-weighted library I created specially for links in UILabel FRHyperLabel.

To achieve an effect like this:

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Pellentesque quis blandit eros, sit amet vehicula justo. Nam at urna neque. Maecenas ac sem eu sem porta dictum nec vel tellus.

use code:

//Step 1: Define a normal attributed string for non-link texts
NSString *string = @"Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Pellentesque quis blandit eros, sit amet vehicula justo. Nam at urna neque. Maecenas ac sem eu sem porta dictum nec vel tellus.";
NSDictionary *attributes = @{NSFontAttributeName: [UIFont preferredFontForTextStyle:UIFontTextStyleHeadline]};

label.attributedText = [[NSAttributedString alloc]initWithString:string attributes:attributes];


//Step 2: Define a selection handler block
void(^handler)(FRHyperLabel *label, NSString *substring) = ^(FRHyperLabel *label, NSString *substring){
    NSLog(@"Selected: %@", substring);
};


//Step 3: Add link substrings
[label setLinksForSubstrings:@[@"Lorem", @"Pellentesque", @"blandit", @"Maecenas"] withLinkHandler:handler];

Worked in Swift 3, pasting the entire code here

    //****Make sure the textview 'Selectable' = checked, and 'Editable = Unchecked'

import UIKit

class ViewController: UIViewController, UITextViewDelegate {

    @IBOutlet var theNewTextView: UITextView!
    override func viewDidLoad() {
        super.viewDidLoad()

        //****textview = Selectable = checked, and Editable = Unchecked

        theNewTextView.delegate = self

        let theString = NSMutableAttributedString(string: "Agree to Terms")
        let theRange = theString.mutableString.range(of: "Terms")

        theString.addAttribute(NSLinkAttributeName, value: "ContactUs://", range: theRange)

        let theAttribute = [NSForegroundColorAttributeName: UIColor.blue, NSUnderlineStyleAttributeName: NSUnderlineStyle.styleSingle.rawValue] as [String : Any]

        theNewTextView.linkTextAttributes = theAttribute

     theNewTextView.attributedText = theString             

theString.setAttributes(theAttribute, range: theRange)

    }

    func textView(_ textView: UITextView, shouldInteractWith URL: URL, in characterRange: NSRange, interaction: UITextItemInteraction) -> Bool {

        if (URL.scheme?.hasPrefix("ContactUs://"))! {

            return false //interaction not allowed
        }

        //*** Set storyboard id same as VC name
        self.navigationController!.pushViewController((self.storyboard?.instantiateViewController(withIdentifier: "TheLastViewController"))! as UIViewController, animated: true)

        return true
    }

}

For fully custom links, you’ll need to use a UIWebView – you can intercept the calls out, so that you can go to some other part of your app instead when a link is pressed.

Here is a swift version of NAlexN’s answer.

class TapabbleLabel: UILabel {

let layoutManager = NSLayoutManager()
let textContainer = NSTextContainer(size: CGSize.zero)
var textStorage = NSTextStorage() {
    didSet {
        textStorage.addLayoutManager(layoutManager)
    }
}

var onCharacterTapped: ((label: UILabel, characterIndex: Int) -> Void)?

let tapGesture = UITapGestureRecognizer()

override var attributedText: NSAttributedString? {
    didSet {
        if let attributedText = attributedText {
            textStorage = NSTextStorage(attributedString: attributedText)
        } else {
            textStorage = NSTextStorage()
        }
    }
}

override var lineBreakMode: NSLineBreakMode {
    didSet {
        textContainer.lineBreakMode = lineBreakMode
    }
}

override var numberOfLines: Int {
    didSet {
        textContainer.maximumNumberOfLines = numberOfLines
    }
}

/**
 Creates a new view with the passed coder.

 :param: aDecoder The a decoder

 :returns: the created new view.
 */
required init?(coder aDecoder: NSCoder) {
    super.init(coder: aDecoder)
    setUp()
}

/**
 Creates a new view with the passed frame.

 :param: frame The frame

 :returns: the created new view.
 */
override init(frame: CGRect) {
    super.init(frame: frame)
    setUp()
}

/**
 Sets up the view.
 */
func setUp() {
    userInteractionEnabled = true
    layoutManager.addTextContainer(textContainer)
    textContainer.lineFragmentPadding = 0
    textContainer.lineBreakMode = lineBreakMode
    textContainer.maximumNumberOfLines = numberOfLines
    tapGesture.addTarget(self, action: #selector(TapabbleLabel.labelTapped(_:)))
    addGestureRecognizer(tapGesture)
}

override func layoutSubviews() {
    super.layoutSubviews()
    textContainer.size = bounds.size
}

func labelTapped(gesture: UITapGestureRecognizer) {
    guard gesture.state == .Ended else {
        return
    }

    let locationOfTouch = gesture.locationInView(gesture.view)
    let textBoundingBox = layoutManager.usedRectForTextContainer(textContainer)
    let textContainerOffset = CGPoint(x: (bounds.width - textBoundingBox.width) / 2 - textBoundingBox.minX,
                                      y: (bounds.height - textBoundingBox.height) / 2 - textBoundingBox.minY)        let locationOfTouchInTextContainer = CGPoint(x: locationOfTouch.x - textContainerOffset.x,
                                                 y: locationOfTouch.y - textContainerOffset.y)
    let indexOfCharacter = layoutManager.characterIndexForPoint(locationOfTouchInTextContainer,
                                                                inTextContainer: textContainer,
                                                                fractionOfDistanceBetweenInsertionPoints: nil)

    onCharacterTapped?(label: self, characterIndex: indexOfCharacter)
}

}

You can then create an instance of that class inside your viewDidLoad method like this:

let label = TapabbleLabel()
label.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
view.addSubview(label)
view.addConstraints(NSLayoutConstraint.constraintsWithVisualFormat("V:|-[view]-|",
                                               options: [], metrics: nil, views: ["view" : label]))
view.addConstraints(NSLayoutConstraint.constraintsWithVisualFormat("H:|-[view]-|",
                                               options: [], metrics: nil, views: ["view" : label]))

let attributedString = NSMutableAttributedString(string: "String with a link", attributes: nil)
let linkRange = NSMakeRange(14, 4); // for the word "link" in the string above

let linkAttributes: [String : AnyObject] = [
    NSForegroundColorAttributeName : UIColor.blueColor(), NSUnderlineStyleAttributeName : NSUnderlineStyle.StyleSingle.rawValue,
    NSLinkAttributeName: "http://www.apple.com"]
attributedString.setAttributes(linkAttributes, range:linkRange)

label.attributedText = attributedString

label.onCharacterTapped = { label, characterIndex in
    if let attribute = label.attributedText?.attribute(NSLinkAttributeName, atIndex: characterIndex, effectiveRange: nil) as? String,
        let url = NSURL(string: attribute) {
        UIApplication.sharedApplication().openURL(url)
    }
}

It’s better to have a custom attribute to use when a character is tapped. Now, it’s the NSLinkAttributeName, but could be anything and you can use that value to do other things other than opening a url, you can do any custom action.

I had a hard time dealing with this… UILabel with links on it on attributed text… it is just a headache so I ended up using ZSWTappableLabel.

I’d strongly recommend using a library that automatically detects URLs in text and converts them to links.
Try:

  • TTTAttributedLabel (pod)
  • ZSWTappableLabel (pod).

Both are under MIT license.

I’m extending @samwize’s answer to handle multi-line UILabel and give an example on using for a UIButton

extension UITapGestureRecognizer {

    func didTapAttributedTextInButton(button: UIButton, inRange targetRange: NSRange) -> Bool {
        guard let label = button.titleLabel else { return false }
        return didTapAttributedTextInLabel(label, inRange: targetRange)
    }

    func didTapAttributedTextInLabel(label: UILabel, inRange targetRange: NSRange) -> Bool {
        // Create instances of NSLayoutManager, NSTextContainer and NSTextStorage
        let layoutManager = NSLayoutManager()
        let textContainer = NSTextContainer(size: CGSize.zero)
        let textStorage = NSTextStorage(attributedString: label.attributedText!)

        // Configure layoutManager and textStorage
        layoutManager.addTextContainer(textContainer)
        textStorage.addLayoutManager(layoutManager)

        // Configure textContainer
        textContainer.lineFragmentPadding = 0.0
        textContainer.lineBreakMode = label.lineBreakMode
        textContainer.maximumNumberOfLines = label.numberOfLines
        let labelSize = label.bounds.size
        textContainer.size = labelSize

        // Find the tapped character location and compare it to the specified range
        let locationOfTouchInLabel = self.locationInView(label)
        let textBoundingBox = layoutManager.usedRectForTextContainer(textContainer)
        let textContainerOffset = CGPointMake((labelSize.width - textBoundingBox.size.width) * 0.5 - textBoundingBox.origin.x,
                                              (labelSize.height - textBoundingBox.size.height) * 0.5 - textBoundingBox.origin.y);
        let locationOfTouchInTextContainer = CGPointMake((locationOfTouchInLabel.x - textContainerOffset.x),
                                                         0 );
        // Adjust for multiple lines of text
        let lineModifier = Int(ceil(locationOfTouchInLabel.y / label.font.lineHeight)) - 1
        let rightMostFirstLinePoint = CGPointMake(labelSize.width, 0)
        let charsPerLine = layoutManager.characterIndexForPoint(rightMostFirstLinePoint, inTextContainer: textContainer, fractionOfDistanceBetweenInsertionPoints: nil)

        let indexOfCharacter = layoutManager.characterIndexForPoint(locationOfTouchInTextContainer, inTextContainer: textContainer, fractionOfDistanceBetweenInsertionPoints: nil)
        let adjustedRange = indexOfCharacter + (lineModifier * charsPerLine)

        return NSLocationInRange(adjustedRange, targetRange)
    }

}

Like there is reported in earlier awnser the UITextView is able to handle touches on links. This can easily be extended by making other parts of the text work as links. The AttributedTextView library is a UITextView subclass that makes it very easy to handle these. For more info see: https://github.com/evermeer/AttributedTextView

You can make any part of the text interact like this (where textView1 is a UITextView IBoutlet):

textView1.attributer =
    "1. ".red
    .append("This is the first test. ").green
    .append("Click on ").black
    .append("evict.nl").makeInteract { _ in
        UIApplication.shared.open(URL(string: "http://evict.nl")!, options: [:], completionHandler: { completed in })
    }.underline
    .append(" for testing links. ").black
    .append("Next test").underline.makeInteract { _ in
        print("NEXT")
    }
    .all.font(UIFont(name: "SourceSansPro-Regular", size: 16))
    .setLinkColor(UIColor.purple) 

And for handling hashtags and mentions you can use code like this:

textView1.attributer = "@test: What #hashtags do we have in @evermeer #AtributedTextView library"
    .matchHashtags.underline
    .matchMentions
    .makeInteract { link in
        UIApplication.shared.open(URL(string: "https://twitter.com\(link.replacingOccurrences(of: "@", with: ""))")!, options: [:], completionHandler: { completed in })
    }

Create the class with the following .h and .m files. In the .m file there is the following function

 - (void)linkAtPoint:(CGPoint)location

Inside this function we will check the ranges of substrings for which we need to give actions. Use your own logic to put your ranges.

And following is the usage of the subclass

TaggedLabel *label = [[TaggedLabel alloc] initWithFrame:CGRectMake(100, 100, 100, 100)];
[self.view addSubview:label];
label.numberOfLines = 0;
NSMutableAttributedString *attributtedString = [[NSMutableAttributedString alloc] initWithString : @"My name is @jjpp" attributes : @{ NSFontAttributeName : [UIFont systemFontOfSize:10],}];                                                                                                                                                                              
//Do not forget to add the font attribute.. else it wont work.. it is very important
[attributtedString addAttribute:NSForegroundColorAttributeName
                        value:[UIColor redColor]
                        range:NSMakeRange(11, 5)];//you can give this range inside the .m function mentioned above

following is the .h file

#import <UIKit/UIKit.h>

@interface TaggedLabel : UILabel<NSLayoutManagerDelegate>

@property(nonatomic, strong)NSLayoutManager *layoutManager;
@property(nonatomic, strong)NSTextContainer *textContainer;
@property(nonatomic, strong)NSTextStorage *textStorage;
@property(nonatomic, strong)NSArray *tagsArray;
@property(readwrite, copy) tagTapped nameTagTapped;

@end   

following is the .m file

#import "TaggedLabel.h"
@implementation TaggedLabel

- (id)initWithFrame:(CGRect)frame
{
 self = [super initWithFrame:frame];
 if (self)
 {
  self.userInteractionEnabled = YES;
 }
return self;
}

- (id)initWithCoder:(NSCoder *)aDecoder
{
 self = [super initWithCoder:aDecoder];
if (self)
{
 self.userInteractionEnabled = YES;
}
return self;
}

- (void)setupTextSystem
{
 _layoutManager = [[NSLayoutManager alloc] init];
 _textContainer = [[NSTextContainer alloc] initWithSize:CGSizeZero];
 _textStorage = [[NSTextStorage alloc] initWithAttributedString:self.attributedText];
 // Configure layoutManager and textStorage
 [_layoutManager addTextContainer:_textContainer];
 [_textStorage addLayoutManager:_layoutManager];
 // Configure textContainer
 _textContainer.lineFragmentPadding = 0.0;
 _textContainer.lineBreakMode = NSLineBreakByWordWrapping;
 _textContainer.maximumNumberOfLines = 0;
 self.userInteractionEnabled = YES;
 self.textContainer.size = self.bounds.size;
}

- (void)touchesBegan:(NSSet *)touches withEvent:(UIEvent *)event
{
 if (!_layoutManager)
 {
  [self setupTextSystem];
 }
 // Get the info for the touched link if there is one
 CGPoint touchLocation = [[touches anyObject] locationInView:self];
 [self linkAtPoint:touchLocation];
}

- (void)linkAtPoint:(CGPoint)location
{
 // Do nothing if we have no text
 if (_textStorage.string.length == 0)
 {
  return;
 }
 // Work out the offset of the text in the view
 CGPoint textOffset = [self calcGlyphsPositionInView];
 // Get the touch location and use text offset to convert to text cotainer coords
 location.x -= textOffset.x;
 location.y -= textOffset.y;
 NSUInteger touchedChar = [_layoutManager glyphIndexForPoint:location inTextContainer:_textContainer];
 // If the touch is in white space after the last glyph on the line we don't
 // count it as a hit on the text
 NSRange lineRange;
 CGRect lineRect = [_layoutManager lineFragmentUsedRectForGlyphAtIndex:touchedChar effectiveRange:&lineRange];
 if (CGRectContainsPoint(lineRect, location) == NO)
 {
  return;
 }
 // Find the word that was touched and call the detection block
    NSRange range = NSMakeRange(11, 5);//for this example i'm hardcoding the range here. In a real scenario it should be iterated through an array for checking all the ranges
    if ((touchedChar >= range.location) && touchedChar < (range.location + range.length))
    {
     NSLog(@"range-->>%@",self.tagsArray[i][@"range"]);
    }
}

- (CGPoint)calcGlyphsPositionInView
{
 CGPoint textOffset = CGPointZero;
 CGRect textBounds = [_layoutManager usedRectForTextContainer:_textContainer];
 textBounds.size.width = ceil(textBounds.size.width);
 textBounds.size.height = ceil(textBounds.size.height);

 if (textBounds.size.height < self.bounds.size.height)
 {
  CGFloat paddingHeight = (self.bounds.size.height - textBounds.size.height) / 2.0;
  textOffset.y = paddingHeight;
 }

 if (textBounds.size.width < self.bounds.size.width)
 {
  CGFloat paddingHeight = (self.bounds.size.width - textBounds.size.width) / 2.0;
  textOffset.x = paddingHeight;
 }
 return textOffset;
 }

@end

based on Charles Gamble answer, this what I used (I removed some lines that confused me and gave me wrong indexed) :

- (BOOL)didTapAttributedTextInLabel:(UILabel *)label inRange:(NSRange)targetRange TapGesture:(UIGestureRecognizer*) gesture{
    NSParameterAssert(label != nil);

    // create instances of NSLayoutManager, NSTextContainer and NSTextStorage
    NSLayoutManager *layoutManager = [[NSLayoutManager alloc] init];
    NSTextStorage *textStorage = [[NSTextStorage alloc] initWithAttributedString:label.attributedText];

    // configure layoutManager and textStorage
    [textStorage addLayoutManager:layoutManager];

    // configure textContainer for the label
    NSTextContainer *textContainer = [[NSTextContainer alloc] initWithSize:CGSizeMake(label.frame.size.width, label.frame.size.height)];

    textContainer.lineFragmentPadding = 0.0;
    textContainer.lineBreakMode = label.lineBreakMode;
    textContainer.maximumNumberOfLines = label.numberOfLines;

    // find the tapped character location and compare it to the specified range
    CGPoint locationOfTouchInLabel = [gesture locationInView:label];
    [layoutManager addTextContainer:textContainer]; //(move here, not sure it that matter that calling this line after textContainer is set

    NSInteger indexOfCharacter = [layoutManager characterIndexForPoint:locationOfTouchInLabel
                                                           inTextContainer:textContainer
                                  fractionOfDistanceBetweenInsertionPoints:nil];
    if (NSLocationInRange(indexOfCharacter, targetRange)) {
        return YES;
    } else {
        return NO;
    }
}

Here’s a drop-in Objective-C category that enables clickable links in existing UILabel.attributedText strings, exploiting the existing NSLinkAttributeName attribute.

@interface UILabel (GSBClickableLinks) <UIGestureRecognizerDelegate>
@property BOOL enableLinks;
@end

#import <objc/runtime.h>
static const void *INDEX;
static const void *TAP;

@implementation UILabel (GSBClickableLinks)

- (void)setEnableLinks:(BOOL)enableLinks
{
    UITapGestureRecognizer *tap = objc_getAssociatedObject(self, &TAP); // retreive tap
    if (enableLinks && !tap) { // add a gestureRegonzier to the UILabel to detect taps
        tap = [UITapGestureRecognizer.alloc initWithTarget:self action:@selector(openLink)];
        tap.delegate = self;
        [self addGestureRecognizer:tap];
        objc_setAssociatedObject(self, &TAP, tap, OBJC_ASSOCIATION_RETAIN_NONATOMIC); // save tap
    }
    self.userInteractionEnabled = enableLinks; // note - when false UILAbel wont receive taps, hence disable links
}

- (BOOL)enableLinks
{
    return (BOOL)objc_getAssociatedObject(self, &TAP); // ie tap != nil
}

// First check whether user tapped on a link within the attributedText of the label.
// If so, then the our label's gestureRecogizer will subsequently fire, and open the corresponding NSLinkAttributeName.
// If not, then the tap will get passed along, eg to the enclosing UITableViewCell...
// Note: save which character in the attributedText was clicked so that we dont have to redo everything again in openLink.
- (BOOL)gestureRecognizerShouldBegin:(UIGestureRecognizer *)gestureRecognizer
{
    if (gestureRecognizer != objc_getAssociatedObject(self, &TAP)) return YES; // dont block other gestures (eg swipe)

    // Re-layout the attributedText to find out what was tapped
    NSTextContainer *textContainer = [NSTextContainer.alloc initWithSize:self.frame.size];
    textContainer.lineFragmentPadding = 0;
    textContainer.maximumNumberOfLines = self.numberOfLines;
    textContainer.lineBreakMode = self.lineBreakMode;
    NSLayoutManager *layoutManager = NSLayoutManager.new;
    [layoutManager addTextContainer:textContainer];
    NSTextStorage *textStorage = [NSTextStorage.alloc initWithAttributedString:self.attributedText];
    [textStorage addLayoutManager:layoutManager];

    NSUInteger index = [layoutManager characterIndexForPoint:[gestureRecognizer locationInView:self]
                                             inTextContainer:textContainer
                    fractionOfDistanceBetweenInsertionPoints:NULL];
    objc_setAssociatedObject(self, &INDEX, @(index), OBJC_ASSOCIATION_RETAIN_NONATOMIC); // save index

    return (BOOL)[self.attributedText attribute:NSLinkAttributeName atIndex:index effectiveRange:NULL]; // tapped on part of a link?
}

- (void)openLink
{
    NSUInteger index = [objc_getAssociatedObject(self, &INDEX) unsignedIntegerValue]; // retrieve index
    NSURL *url = [self.attributedText attribute:NSLinkAttributeName atIndex:index effectiveRange:NULL];
    if (url && [UIApplication.sharedApplication canOpenURL:url]) [UIApplication.sharedApplication openURL:url];
}

@end 

This would be a bit cleaner done via a UILabel subclass (ie none of the objc_getAssociatedObject mess), but if you are like me you prefer to avoid having to make unnecessary (3rd party) subclasses just to add some extra function to existing UIKit classes. Also, this has the beauty that it adds clickable-links to any existing UILabel, eg existing UITableViewCells!

I’ve tried to make it as minimally invasive as possible by using the existing NSLinkAttributeName attribute stuff already available in NSAttributedString. So its a simple as:

NSURL *myURL = [NSURL URLWithString:@"http://www.google.com"];
NSMutableAttributedString *myString = [NSMutableAttributedString.alloc initWithString:@"This string has a clickable link: "];
[myString appendAttributedString:[NSAttributedString.alloc initWithString:@"click here" attributes:@{NSLinkAttributeName:myURL}]];
...
myLabel.attributedText = myString;
myLabel.enableLinks = YES; // yes, that's all! :-)

Basically, it works by adding a UIGestureRecognizer to your UILabel. The hard work is done in gestureRecognizerShouldBegin:, which re-layouts the attributedText string to find out which character was tapped on. If this character was part of a NSLinkAttributeName then the gestureRecognizer will subsequently fire, retrieve the corresponding URL (from the NSLinkAttributeName value), and open the link per the usual [UIApplication.sharedApplication openURL:url] process.

Note – by doing all this in gestureRecognizerShouldBegin:, if you dont happen to tap on a link in the label, the event is passed along. So, for example, your UITableViewCell will capture taps on links, but otherwise behave normally (select cell, unselect, scroll, …).

I’ve put this in a GitHub repository here.
Adapted from Kai Burghardt’s SO posting here.

TAGS #Swift2.0

I take inspiration on – excellent – @NAlexN’s answer and I decide to write by myself a wrapper of UILabel.
I also tried TTTAttributedLabel but I can’t make it works.

Hope you can appreciate this code, any suggestions are welcome!

import Foundation

@objc protocol TappableLabelDelegate {
    optional func tappableLabel(tabbableLabel: TappableLabel, didTapUrl: NSURL, atRange: NSRange)
}

/// Represent a label with attributed text inside.
/// We can add a correspondence between a range of the attributed string an a link (URL)
/// By default, link will be open on the external browser @see 'openLinkOnExternalBrowser'

class TappableLabel: UILabel {

    // MARK: - Public properties -

    var links: NSMutableDictionary = [:]
    var openLinkOnExternalBrowser = true
    var delegate: TappableLabelDelegate?

    // MARK: - Constructors -

    override func awakeFromNib() {
        super.awakeFromNib()
        self.enableInteraction()
    }

    override init(frame: CGRect) {
        super.init(frame: frame)
        self.enableInteraction()
    }

    required init?(coder aDecoder: NSCoder) {
        super.init(coder: aDecoder)
    }

    private func enableInteraction() {
        self.userInteractionEnabled = true
        self.addGestureRecognizer(UITapGestureRecognizer(target: self, action: Selector("didTapOnLabel:")))
    }

    // MARK: - Public methods -

    /**
    Add correspondence between a range and a link.

    - parameter url:   url.
    - parameter range: range on which couple url.
    */
    func addLink(url url: String, atRange range: NSRange) {
        self.links[url] = range
    }

    // MARK: - Public properties -

    /**
    Action rised on user interaction on label.

    - parameter tapGesture: gesture.
    */
    func didTapOnLabel(tapGesture: UITapGestureRecognizer) {
        let labelSize = self.bounds.size;

        let layoutManager = NSLayoutManager()
        let textContainer = NSTextContainer(size: CGSizeZero)
        let textStorage = NSTextStorage(attributedString: self.attributedText!)

        // configure textContainer for the label
        textContainer.lineFragmentPadding = 0
        textContainer.lineBreakMode = self.lineBreakMode
        textContainer.maximumNumberOfLines = self.numberOfLines
        textContainer.size = labelSize;

        // configure layoutManager and textStorage
        layoutManager.addTextContainer(textContainer)
        textStorage.addLayoutManager(layoutManager)

        // find the tapped character location and compare it to the specified range
        let locationOfTouchInLabel = tapGesture.locationInView(self)

        let textBoundingBox = layoutManager.usedRectForTextContainer(textContainer)
        let textContainerOffset = CGPointMake((labelSize.width - textBoundingBox.size.width) * 0.5 - textBoundingBox.origin.x,
            (labelSize.height - textBoundingBox.size.height) * 0.5 - textBoundingBox.origin.y)
        let locationOfTouchInTextContainer = CGPointMake(locationOfTouchInLabel.x - textContainerOffset.x,
            locationOfTouchInLabel.y - textContainerOffset.y)
        let indexOfCharacter = layoutManager.characterIndexForPoint(locationOfTouchInTextContainer,
            inTextContainer:textContainer,
            fractionOfDistanceBetweenInsertionPoints: nil)

        for (url, value) in self.links {
            if let range = value as? NSRange {
                if NSLocationInRange(indexOfCharacter, range) {
                    let url = NSURL(string: url as! String)!
                    if self.openLinkOnExternalBrowser {
                        UIApplication.sharedApplication().openURL(url)
                    }
                    self.delegate?.tappableLabel?(self, didTapUrl: url, atRange: range)
                }
            }
        }
    }

}

Drop-in solution as a category on UILabel (this assumes your UILabel uses an attributed string with some NSLinkAttributeName attributes in it):

@implementation UILabel (Support)

- (BOOL)openTappedLinkAtLocation:(CGPoint)location {
  CGSize labelSize = self.bounds.size;

  NSTextContainer* textContainer = [[NSTextContainer alloc] initWithSize:CGSizeZero];
  textContainer.lineFragmentPadding = 0.0;
  textContainer.lineBreakMode = self.lineBreakMode;
  textContainer.maximumNumberOfLines = self.numberOfLines;
  textContainer.size = labelSize;

  NSLayoutManager* layoutManager = [[NSLayoutManager alloc] init];
  [layoutManager addTextContainer:textContainer];

  NSTextStorage* textStorage = [[NSTextStorage alloc] initWithAttributedString:self.attributedText];
  [textStorage addAttribute:NSFontAttributeName value:self.font range:NSMakeRange(0, textStorage.length)];
  [textStorage addLayoutManager:layoutManager];

  CGRect textBoundingBox = [layoutManager usedRectForTextContainer:textContainer];
  CGPoint textContainerOffset = CGPointMake((labelSize.width - textBoundingBox.size.width) * 0.5 - textBoundingBox.origin.x,
                                            (labelSize.height - textBoundingBox.size.height) * 0.5 - textBoundingBox.origin.y);
  CGPoint locationOfTouchInTextContainer = CGPointMake(location.x - textContainerOffset.x, location.y - textContainerOffset.y);
  NSInteger indexOfCharacter = [layoutManager characterIndexForPoint:locationOfTouchInTextContainer inTextContainer:textContainer fractionOfDistanceBetweenInsertionPoints:nullptr];
  if (indexOfCharacter >= 0) {
    NSURL* url = [textStorage attribute:NSLinkAttributeName atIndex:indexOfCharacter effectiveRange:nullptr];
    if (url) {
      [[UIApplication sharedApplication] openURL:url];
      return YES;
    }
  }
  return NO;
}

@end
    NSString *string = name;
    NSError *error = NULL;
    NSDataDetector *detector =
    [NSDataDetector dataDetectorWithTypes:(NSTextCheckingTypes)NSTextCheckingTypeLink | NSTextCheckingTypePhoneNumber
                                    error:&error];
    NSArray *matches = [detector matchesInString:string
                                         options:0
                                           range:NSMakeRange(0, [string length])];
    for (NSTextCheckingResult *match in matches)
    {
        if (([match resultType] == NSTextCheckingTypePhoneNumber))
        {
            NSString *phoneNumber = [match phoneNumber];
            NSLog(@" Phone Number is :%@",phoneNumber);
            label.enabledTextCheckingTypes = NSTextCheckingTypePhoneNumber;
        }

        if(([match resultType] == NSTextCheckingTypeLink))
        {
            NSURL *email = [match URL];
            NSLog(@"Email is  :%@",email);
            label.enabledTextCheckingTypes = NSTextCheckingTypeLink;
        }

        if (([match resultType] == NSTextCheckingTypeLink))
        {
            NSURL *url = [match URL];
            NSLog(@"URL is  :%@",url);
            label.enabledTextCheckingTypes = NSTextCheckingTypeLink;
        }
    }

    label.text =name;
}