Javascript in WKWebView – evaluateJavaScript vs addUserScript

I am trying to understand the best way to execute javascript with WKWebview

Could someone please give me the use cases / best practices when using WKWebView.

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  • When to use addUserScript and WKScriptMessageHandler and when to use evaluateJavaScript

        let jscript = "my script"
        let userScript = WKUserScript(source: jscript, injectionTime: .atDocumentEnd, forMainFrameOnly: true)
        let userContentController = WKUserContentController()
        userContentController.addUserScript(userScript)
    
        let webViewConfiguration = WKWebViewConfiguration()
        webViewConfiguration.userContentController = userContentController
        webView = WKWebView(frame: self.view.bounds, configuration: webViewConfiguration)
    

    vs

    let myScript
    self.wkWebView.evaluateJavaScript(script) { (result, error) in
        if error != nil {
            print("\(error)")
        }
    }
    

    2 Solutions Collect From Internet About “Javascript in WKWebView – evaluateJavaScript vs addUserScript”

    In my experience, WKUserScript seems to have more privileges, eg:
    document.cookie=”test=test” works with WKUserScript but not with evaluateJavaScript.

    However, WKUserScript requires an additional reload() for the javascript you injected to run. It maybe a bug. Sometimes it complicates the code.

    WKScriptMessageHandler is a separate thing. It allows your native app to receive messages from javascript. eg, you can add a handler and receives message that is posted from javascript like: “window.webkit.messageHandlers.notification.postMessage({body: “…”});”
    Refer: http://nshipster.com/wkwebkit/

    Pretty cool stuff that doesn’t exist in UIWebView

    Found a nice explanation

    http://jonathanblog2000.blogspot.co.il/2016/11/understanding-ios-wkwebview.html

    2.3.2 Inject javascript from native code to js DOM
    emphasized text
    WKUserContentController allows add (and remove) a WKUserScript to be injected either when the DOM tree starts to load or finishes to load. On the contrary, evaluateJavaScript allows application to execute a javascript snippet on demand at any time.