Unable to set frame correctly before viewDidAppear

I was wondering if anyone knows why when you set the frame of a subview in viewDidLoad and viewWillAppear the changes do not take affect on the screen, but if you set it in viewDidAppear they do?

In my case I am loading a custom xib with two tableviews then attempting to shift them down in viewDidLoad to allow space for another view which is added in viewDidLoad as it is not always necessary to display it.

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  • The problem is when i set frame in viewDidLoad or viewWillAppear it is set on the object, i can see by printing it out, but it is not reflected on screen. Moving my set frame calls to viewDidAppear will cause everything to work as expected.

    Is it wrong to think I should be able to set the frame in viewDidLoad?

    - (id)init {
        if ( self = [super initWithNibName:@"MyView" bundle:nil] ) {}
    
        return self;
    }
    
    - (void)viewDidLoad {
        [super viewDidLoad];
        self.descriptionWebView = [[[UIWebView alloc] initWithFrame:CGRectMake( 0, 0, self.view.frame.size.width, 200 )] autorelease];
    
        [self.view addSubview:self.descriptionWebView];
    
        self.tableView1.autoresizingMask = UIViewAutoresizingNone;
        self.tableView2.autoresizingMask = UIViewAutoresizingNone;
    
        [self.descriptionWebView loadRequest:[NSURLRequest requestWithURL:[[NSBundle mainBundle] URLForResource:@"...." withExtension:@"html"]]];
    
        table1LocationWithHeader = CGRectMake( self.tableView1.frame.origin.x, 200, self.tableView1.frame.size.width, self.tableView1.frame.size.height - 200 );
        table2LocationWithHeader = CGRectMake( self.tableView2.frame.origin.x, 200, self.tableView2.frame.size.width, self.tableView2.frame.size.height - 200 );
    
        //this will NOT work
        self.tableView1.frame = table1LocationWithHeader;
        self.tableView2.frame = table2LocationWithHeader;
    }
    
    - (void)viewWillAppear:(BOOL)animated {
        [super viewWillAppear:animated];
    
        //this will NOT work
        self.tableView1.frame = table1LocationWithHeader;
        self.tableView2.frame = table2LocationWithHeader;
    }
    
    
    - (void)viewDidAppear:(BOOL)animated {
        [super viewDidAppear:animated];
    
        //this WILL work
        self.tableView1.frame = table1LocationWithHeader;
        self.tableView2.frame = table2LocationWithHeader;
    }
    
    
    //I added these after comments for stack overflow users, it seems like viewDidLayoutSubviews is the best place to set the frame
    
    - (void)viewWillLayoutSubviews {
        [super viewWillLayoutSubviews];
    
        //this will NOT work
        self.tableView1.frame = table1LocationWithHeader;
        self.tableView2.frame = table2LocationWithHeader;
    }
    
    - (void)viewDidLayoutSubviews {
        [super viewDidLayoutSubviews];
    
        //this WILL work
        self.tableView1.frame = table1LocationWithHeader;
        self.tableView2.frame = table2LocationWithHeader;
    }
    

    3 Solutions Collect From Internet About “Unable to set frame correctly before viewDidAppear”

    viewDidLoad is called when the class is loaded however no ui elements have been initialised and therefore any attempt to reference them will be overwritten or unavaliable during the initialisation process which happens between the viewDidLoad and viewDidAppear calls. Once all ui element have been initalised and drawn viewDidAppear is called.

    viewDidLoad –
    Called after the controller’s view is loaded into memory

    At this point the view isn’t within the view hierarchy.

    viewWillAppear – Notifies the view controller that its view is about to be added to a view hierarchy.

    Again, the view is yet to be added to the view hierarchy.

    viewDidAppear – Notifies the view controller that its view was added to a view hierarchy.

    Only then is the view added to the view hierarchy.

    Update

    The viewDidLayoutSubviews is the most appropriate place to modify the UI before it actually appears on the screen.

    viewDidLayoutSubviews – Notifies the view controller that its view just laid out its subviews.

    See this thread When is layoutSubviews called?

    When use autolayout, framework do not call layoutSubviews automatically. That is very important. From ref:

    • init does not cause layoutSubviews to be called (duh)
    • addSubview: causes layoutSubviews to be called on the view being added, the view it’s being added to (target view), and all the subviews of the target. …

    If you add subview in viewDidLoad, layoutSubviews called before viewDidAppear, and you can get the correct size of subviews. But if you do nothing, layoutSubviews will be called after viewDidAppear. It’s up to your code.

    in viewWillAppear()

    just call layoutIfNeeded() once for the view whose frame you want to get.

    if tableView then tableView.layoutIfNeeded() for exmple