Where to find a clear explanation about swift alert (UIAlertController)?

2 Solutions Collect From Internet About “Where to find a clear explanation about swift alert (UIAlertController)?”

After searching a while on a subject I didn’t
find a clear explanation , even in it’s class reference
UIAlertController Reference

It is ok, but not clear enough for me.

So after collecting some peaces I decided to make my own explanation
(Hope it helps)

So here it goes:

  1. UIAlertView is deprecated as pointed out :
    UIAlertView in Swift
  2. UIAlertController should be used in iOS8+
    so to create one first we need to instantiate it,
    the Constructor(init) gets 3 parameters:

2.1 title:String -> big-bold text to display on the top of alert’s dialog box

2.2 message:String -> smaller text (pretty much explains it’s self)

2.3 prefferedStyle:UIAlertControllerStyle -> define the dialog box style, in most cases: UIAlertControllerStyle.Alert

  1. Now to actually show it to the user, we can use showViewController or presentViewController and pass our alert as parameter

  2. To add some interaction with a user we can use:

4.1
UIAlertController.addAction to create buttons

4.2
UIAlertController.addTextField to create text fields

Edit note: code examples below, updated for swift 3 syntax

Example 1: Simple Dialog

@IBAction func alert1(sender: UIButton) {
     //simple alert dialog
    let alert=UIAlertController(title: "Alert 1", message: "One has won", preferredStyle: UIAlertControllerStyle.alert);
    //show it
    show(alert, sender: self);
}

Example 2: Dialog with one input textField & two buttons

@IBAction func alert2(sender: UIButton) {
    //Dialog with one input textField & two buttons
    let alert=UIAlertController(title: "Alert 2", message: "Two will win too", preferredStyle: UIAlertControllerStyle.alert);
    //default input textField (no configuration...)
    alert.addTextField(configurationHandler: nil);
    //no event handler (just close dialog box)
    alert.addAction(UIAlertAction(title: "No", style: UIAlertActionStyle.cancel, handler: nil));
    //event handler with closure
    alert.addAction(UIAlertAction(title: "Yes", style: UIAlertActionStyle.default, handler: {(action:UIAlertAction) in
        let fields = alert.textFields!;
        print("Yes we can: "+fields[0].text!);
    }));
    present(alert, animated: true, completion: nil);
}

Example 3: One customized input textField & one button

@IBAction func alert3(sender: UIButton) {
   // one input & one button
   let alert=UIAlertController(title: "Alert 3", message: "Three will set me free", preferredStyle: UIAlertControllerStyle.alert);

    //configured input textField
    var field:UITextField?;// operator ? because it's been initialized later
    alert.addTextField(configurationHandler:{(input:UITextField)in
        input.placeholder="I am displayed, when there is no value ;-)";
        input.clearButtonMode=UITextFieldViewMode.whileEditing;
        field=input;//assign to outside variable(for later reference)
    });
    //alert3 yesHandler -> defined in the same scope with alert, and passed as event handler later
    func yesHandler(actionTarget: UIAlertAction){
        print("YES -> !!");
        //print text from 'field' which refer to relevant input now
        print(field!.text!);//operator ! because it's Optional here
    }
    //event handler with predefined function
    alert.addAction(UIAlertAction(title: "Yes", style: UIAlertActionStyle.default, handler: yesHandler));

    present(alert, animated: true, completion: nil);
 }

Hope It helps, and good luck 😉

An instance of the UIAlertController can be presented modally on screen just as any other UIViewController using the presentViewController:animated:completion: method. What makes the UIAlertController instance differentiate between working as an ActionSheet or as an AlertView is the style parameter you pass when creating it.

No more delegation

If you have used a UIActionSheet or UIAlertView, you know that the way to get a callback from it is for a class (in most cases the ViewController) to implement the UIActionSheetDelegate or UIAlertViewDelegate protocol. There are some open source projects that replaced this delegation pattern with block based callbacks, but the official APIs were never updated. UIAlertController does not use delegation. Instead, it has a collection of UIAlertAction items, that use closures (or blocks if you are using Objective-C) to handle user input.

For Action Sheet

@IBAction func showActionSheet(sender: AnyObject) {
  //Create the AlertController
  let actionSheetController: UIAlertController = UIAlertController(title: "Action Sheet", message: "Swiftly Now! Choose an option!", preferredStyle: .ActionSheet)

  //Create and add the Cancel action
  let cancelAction: UIAlertAction = UIAlertAction(title: "Cancel", style: .Cancel) { action -> Void in
    //Just dismiss the action sheet
  }
  actionSheetController.addAction(cancelAction)
    //Create and add first option action
  let takePictureAction: UIAlertAction = UIAlertAction(title: "Take Picture", style: .Default) { action -> Void in
    //Code for launching the camera goes here
    }
  actionSheetController.addAction(takePictureAction)
  //Create and add a second option action
  let choosePictureAction: UIAlertAction = UIAlertAction(title: "Choose From Camera Roll", style: .Default) { action -> Void in
    //Code for picking from camera roll goes here
    }
  actionSheetController.addAction(choosePictureAction)

  //Present the AlertController
  self.presentViewController(actionSheetController, animated: true, completion: nil)
}

For AlertView with Text Field

@IBAction func showAlert(sender: AnyObject) {
  //Create the AlertController
  let actionSheetController: UIAlertController = UIAlertController(title: "Alert", message: "Swiftly Now! Choose an option!", preferredStyle: .Alert)

  //Create and add the Cancel action
  let cancelAction: UIAlertAction = UIAlertAction(title: "Cancel", style: .Cancel) { action -> Void in
    //Do some stuff
    }
  actionSheetController.addAction(cancelAction)
    //Create and an option action
  let nextAction: UIAlertAction = UIAlertAction(title: "Next", style: .Default) { action -> Void in
    //Do some other stuff
    }
  actionSheetController.addAction(nextAction)
  //Add a text field
  actionSheetController.addTextFieldWithConfigurationHandler { textField -> Void in
       //TextField configuration
     textField.textColor = UIColor.blueColor()
   }

   //Present the AlertController
   self.presentViewController(actionSheetController, animated: true, completion: nil)
}